Historical center of St.Petersburg is a magnificent place to walk. It may be really considered to be an open air architecture museum.
Not ony its renowned landmarks such as Winter Place Square, Copper Ritter or St Izaaks Square are worth while having alook at, but also ordinary city quorters curving along the small rivers and channels have definetely charm of their own.
In the year of 1819 on the order of the emperor architect K.I.Rossi has developed the project of architectural ensemble to honour the victory of the Russian army in war of 1812 against Napoleon. On south side of the square the semicircular facade of the General staff Building was constructed, which length is 580 m (the longest facade of a building in the world). In the middle of the building – a grandiose Arch decorated with a sculptural composition with figures of soldiers one can see a Chariot of Glory decorated with Nika -goddess of the Victory. (Sculptors N.Pimenov and V.Demut-Malinovsky). The height of sculptural group makes 10 metres, arch height – 28 metres, width – 17 metres. In 1834 after the project of architect Ogjusta Monferran the Aleksandrovsky column has been opened in the middle of the square. It is named in honour of emperor Alexander I. A column wights 600 tons, its height 47,5 m it is topped by a figure of an angel with a cross.
After the construction of the St Izaaks Cathedral was completed in 1839 in the centre of square the monument to emperor Nikolay I was installed. Monument was created after the project of Ogjusta Monferran (sculptor P.Klodt).The monument has only two points of support. Opposite to the Cathedral, from a South side, in 1839-1844 after the project of architect A.Shtakenshnejder the Mariinsky palace has been constructed. It was Nikolay I wedding gift of his daughter, Great Dutchess Maria. The palace is constructed in classical style. Square is also interesing because of the so called Blue bridge. Its width is three times more then lengths. The bridge, the widest in St.-Petersburg also forms the Mariinsky square area
The Kazan cathedral in St.-Petersburg is located on the intersection of Nevski Prospect and Griboedova channel. This one of the most intersting cathedrals in St.Petersburg. It s height reaches 71,5 metres. By the end of 18 century the old wooden church has decayed and the decision was taken to construct a new Cathedral. Pavel I wanted, that the new temple was similar to St. Peter's Cathedral in Rome and in 1799 competition on its project has been declared. Count A.S.Stroganov which residence was near to a temple, has offered the project of young architect A.N.Voronihin, his former serf. This project has been approved. It was already during the reign of Alexander I that the new Cathedral was built. Count Stroganov became responsible for construction which has been finished by 1811.
The Saviour on the Blood Cathedral has been erected under Alexander's instructions III and after the Saint Synod decision on the place where on March, 1st, 1881 tzar Alexander II war mortally wounded through the terror attack. The cathedral is located on the bank of Griboedov's channel near to the Mihajlovsky garden and Konjushennaja square. The Cathedrals height is 81 metre. This number symbolises year when assasination took place. Capacity of a cathedral – 1600 persons. The church was under construction for 24 years from 1883 to 1907.
In November, 1873 opening of a monument to Catherine II has taken place. The monument project was developed by artist M.O.Mikeshin. Sculptor M.A.Tchizhov who has modeled a statue of Catherine II, And. M.Opekushin who has executed models of nine figures, architects D.I.Grimm and V.A.Shretter also participated in design and development of the project. On a high pedestal from grey polished granite bronze statue of Catherine II is placed. The right hand holds a sceptre — a power sign. In the left hand — a laurel wreath — a glory symbol. From a pedestal face in the centre one can see duke G.A.Potyomkin figure. Near to it — field marshal P.A.Rumjantsev. On other party from Potyomkin with a sword in the left hand — the great commander A. V.Suvorov. Near figure of Rumjantsev — one can see figure of the woman with the lowered head and the opened book in hands. It is E.R. Dashkov — the director of the Petersburg Academy of sciences and the president of the Russian academy (Russian and literature).
On a plan of sculptor E.Fapkone as a pedestal for a monument to Peter I «the wild rock» should have been used. In 1767 searches of a stone of necessary size have begun. Areas of Ladoga, Jamburg, Narva, Oranienbaum, Vyborg have been surveyed, but the rock of suitable size was not founded. In the beginning of September, 1768 near village Konnaya in Lahta, 12 miles from Petersburg, «a great stone», nicknamed "Thunder-stone" in memory of a lightning stroke was founded.
For stone transportation the huge platform from thick logs has been built. Wooden trenches on its bottom were covered with copper sheets. On the earth, trench-rails were put where during movement 30 bronze 5-inch balls were rolling.After huge stone moved for the length of the platform, the trench-rails were taken out from beneath in the back of the carriage and placed in front. Way to gulf of Finland — about 8 versts — took about four months. During rock movement on its top there were 2 drummers giving signals to workers, 40 masons, and a small forge where tools were corrected. For transportation by water the special pram has been constructed. After rock was loaded with the greatest precaution boat, has headed for Petersburg. On September, 26th, 1770 at huge gathering of people "Thunder-stone" "has descended" on a Senatskaya Square to become a part of a monument to Peter the Great.